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Labour Laws
in Australia

   The Australian Labour law is complicated, the truth is, realy hard to know all rules and because Australia has many laws to protect the worker, these turned out to be a subject that only a specialist could understand. Furthermore all the different rules, each state and municipality in Australia can legislate their own points related to the labour law.

The minimum wage varies from state to state, and in Queensland for example, was A $528.40 per week for jobs full-time (40 hours per week) that is, A $13.21 per hour worked (for more than 20 years and full time in 2007). It doesn't matter who is working, whether resident, international student or not, you should have a tax file number for the income tax at Australia Taxation Office (ATO).

The minimum wage varies from state to state, and in Queensland for example, was A $528.40 per week for jobs full-time (40 hours per week) that is, A $13.21 per hour worked (for more than 20 years and full time in 2007). It doesn't matter who is working, whether resident, international student or not, you should have a tax file number for the income tax at Australia Taxation Office (ATO).
Any person may have the ABN number ( Business Number) and could be a self-employed or an autonomous, even as temporary resident or international student. The number can be taken from Australian Business Register  and get it directly on the Internet. After opening your busines you just need  to register all expenses and income by month, and fix your taxes in the end of the financial year that is in Australia June 30 each year.
International students and holiday workers are able to ask for part of the taxes paid when leaving Australia definitively. Many taxes are taken from the payment such as referring to superannuation or if returning income taken form taxes. 
Superannuation is compulsory tax for companies in Australia. It is a saving deposit for the employer, in which the employee is obliged to deposit a minimum of 9% of the wage under a special account called Super Fund or Superannuation Fund, plus 3% from the worker. Workers in many cases have the choice which company they want the money to be deposited and there are many companies competing in this market. This account cannot be used until 55 years of age but the full withdrawal only after 65. International Students and temporary workers in Australia can withdraw the super when leaving Australia for good. The Superannuation accounts receives annual interests and the fees and rates varies depending of the kind of managing fund. There are many incentives to save in the supper account and it is tax free. 
During the first 3 months workers can be dismissed without any notice in advance. After that period, the worker should be send a notice to be dismissed, but this topic is currently under review.
Workers with more than 3 months if they are not casual, can receive partial holiday payment.
Contracts can be negotiated privately between the boss and the worker without a syndicate. That's the rule introduced during the last legislation and many rules are still under review. Many professional workers cannot legally act without being register with the Council and or professional State organization specially related to dentists, plumbers, doctors etc.
On Sundays and holidays, depending in which industry the work belongs, you may receive an extra payment of 100% over the normal hour rate up 150%. For example a person working in a restaurant and another worker in a restaurant inside a Pub, with pokies machines. They may receive different wages because each one belongs to a different industry. The restaurant inside the pub pays better than the one in the retail industry .

Going to the beach and snorkelling it's hard job to get in Australia and my be not very well paid.

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